SIGNAL CODES, 
PRECONCERTED CODES  
and
HOW TO SIGNAL
HOW TO SIGNAL and SIGNAL CODES 
WIG-WAG
When signaling: 
     Flag to the left is a one (1)
     Flag to the right is a two (2)
     Flag to the front center is always a three (3)
    
 The flag "At the ready" is held straight up infront of the flagman.

Using #1 and #2 in varying combinations make up the letters of the alphabet as well as numbers. 
A – 11              J - 2211              S - 121              and - 2222
B – 1221          K - 1212              T - 1                  ing - 1121
C – 212            L - 112                U - 221              ed - 1222
D – 111            M - 2112             V - 2111            tion - 2221
E – 21              N - 22                 W - 2212
F – 1112          O - 12                  X - 1211
G – 1122          P - 2121               Y - 222
H – 211            Q - 2122              Z - 1111
I – 2                 R - 122

1 – 12221         6 - 21111
2 – 21112         7 - 22111
3 – 11211         8 - 22221
4 – 11121         9 - 22122
5 – 11112         0 - 11111

The #3 was used to signify "end".  When signaling one 3 that meant it was the end of the word, two 3 was end of sentence and three 3 was end of message.

When sending a message, the flag should only pause when it is in the ready position between signals.  If sending a H (211) the flag should be in continuueous motion between the 2 1 1. An example of this would be: 211 (pause) 21 (pause) 112 (pause) 112 (pause) 12 (pause) 333
           ~HELLO~


PRECONCERTED CODES
Pre-concerted codes were used to decrease the length of time it took to send messages.  They are codes, that when standing alone, seporated by a #3 shortened a common word (a word used frequently).  Pre-concerted codes change.  

Below are some examples of Pre-concerted codes:
1 – Advance/Forward            11 – Ammunition Exhausting
12 – Artillery                         111 – Attack
112 – Begin Engagement      122 – Brigade
121 – Cancel                         1111 – Cavalry
1112 – Cease Fire                 1121 – Center
1122 – Clear                          1211 – Close
1212 – Concentrate              1221 – Confederate
1222 – Division                     2 – End Engagement
22 – Extend                           21 – Faster – w/o delay
222 – Federal/Union            221 – Final (or) Last
211 – Fire                              212 – Flank
2222 – General                     2221 – Halt/Hold
2212 – Identify                      2211 – Infantry
2122 – Left                            2121 – Minutes
2112 – Move or Proceed        2111 – Need
11111 – No                            11112 – Press/Push
11121 - ?                               11122 – Ready
11211 – Redirect                   11212 – Relay or Pass
11221 – Reinforce                 11222 – Renew/Resume
12111 – Repeat                     12121 – Reply at once
12112 – Retire or Recall       12122 – Retreat
12211 – Right                        12212 – Skirmishers
12221 – Signals                    12222 – Slower
22222 – Open/Close text      22221 – Wait
22212 – When                       22211 – Yards
22122 – Yes                           22121 - Your 

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